|Gospel of Luke (New Revised Standard Version)||Urantia Book||References|
|Luke 2:1In those days a decree went out from Emperor Augustus that all
the world should be registered. 2This was the first registration and was
taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria. 3All went to their own towns
to be registered. 4Joseph also went from the town of Nazareth in Galilee
to Judea, to the city of David called Bethlehem, because he was descended
from the house and family of David. 5He went to be registered with Mary,
to whom he was engaged and who was expecting a child. 6While they were there,
the time came for her to deliver her child. 7And she gave birth to her firstborn
son and wrapped him in bands of cloth, and laid him in a manger, because
there was no place for them in the inn.
The Shepherds and the Angels
8 In that region there were shepherds living in the fields, keeping watch
over their flock by night. 9Then an angel of the Lord stood before them,
and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified.
10But the angel said to them, ‘Do not be afraid; for see—I
am bringing you good news of great joy for all the people: 11to you is
born this day in the city of David a Saviour, who is the Messiah,* the
Lord. 12This will be a sign for you: you will find a child wrapped in
bands of cloth and lying in a manger.’ 13And suddenly there was
with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host,* praising God and saying,
15 When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds
said to one another, ‘Let us go now to Bethlehem and see this thing
that has taken place, which the Lord has made known to us.’ 16So
they went with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the child lying in
the manger. 17When they saw this, they made known what had been told them
about this child; 18and all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds
told them. 19But Mary treasured all these words and pondered them in her
heart. 20The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all they
had heard and seen, as it had been told them.
21 After eight days had passed, it was time to circumcise the child; and he was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
|7. THE TRIP TO BETHLEHEM - P.1350
P.1350 - §3 In the month of March, 8 B.C. (the month Joseph and
Mary were married), Caesar Augustus decreed that all inhabitants of the
Roman Empire should be numbered, that a census should be made which could
be used for effecting better taxation. The Jews had always been greatly
prejudiced against any attempt to "number the people," and this,
in connection with the serious domestic difficulties of Herod, King of
Judea, had conspired to cause the postponement of the taking of this census
in the Jewish kingdom for one year. Throughout all the Roman Empire this
census was registered in the year 8 B.C., except in the Palestinian kingdom
of Herod, where it was taken in 7 B.C., one year later.
P.1350 - §4 It was not necessary that Mary should go to Bethlehem for enrollment--Joseph was authorized to register for his family--but Mary, being an adventurous and aggressive person, insisted on accompanying him. She feared being left alone lest the child be born while Joseph was away, and again, Bethlehem being not far from the City of Judah, Mary foresaw a possible pleasurable visit with her kinswoman Elizabeth.
P.1350 - §5 Joseph virtually forbade Mary to accompany him, but
it was of no avail; when the food was packed for the trip of three or
four days, she prepared double rations and made ready for the journey.
But before they actually set forth, Joseph was reconciled to Mary's going
along, and they cheerfully departed from Nazareth at the break of day.
P.1351 - §1 Their first day of travel carried them around the foothills of Mount Gilboa, where they camped for the night by the river Jordan and engaged in many speculations as to what sort of a son would be born to them, Joseph adhering to the concept of a spiritual teacher and Mary holding to the idea of a Jewish Messiah, a deliverer of the Hebrew nation.
P.1351 - §2 Bright and early the morning of August 19, Joseph and
Mary were again on their way. They partook of their noontide meal at the
foot of Mount Sartaba, overlooking the Jordan valley, and journeyed on,
making Jericho for the night, where they stopped at an inn on the highway
in the outskirts of the city. Following the evening meal and after much
discussion concerning the oppressiveness of Roman rule, Herod, the census
enrollment, and the comparative influence of Jerusalem and Alexandria
as centers of Jewish learning and culture, the Nazareth travelers retired
for the night's rest. Early in the morning of August 20 they resumed their
journey, reaching Jerusalem before noon, visiting the temple, and going
on to their destination, arriving at Bethlehem in midafternoon.
P.1351 - §3 The inn was overcrowded, and Joseph accordingly sought lodgings with distant relatives, but every room in Bethlehem was filled to overflowing. On returning to the courtyard of the inn, he was informed that the caravan stables, hewn out of the side of the rock and situated just below the inn, had been cleared of animals and cleaned up for the reception of lodgers. Leaving the donkey in the courtyard, Joseph shouldered their bags of clothing and provisions and with Mary descended the stone steps to their lodgings below. They found themselves located in what had been a grain storage room to the front of the stalls and mangers. Tent curtains had been hung, and they counted themselves fortunate to have such comfortable quarters.
P.1351 - §4 Joseph had thought to go out at once and enroll, but Mary was weary; she was considerably distressed and besought him to remain by her side, which he did.
8. THE BIRTH OF JESUS - P.1351
P.1351 - §5 All that night Mary was restless so that neither of them slept much. By the break of day the pangs of childbirth were well in evidence, and at noon, August 21, 7 B.C., with the help and kind ministrations of women fellow travelers, Mary was delivered of a male child. Jesus of Nazareth was born into the world, was wrapped in the clothes which Mary had brought along for such a possible contingency, and laid in a near-by manger.
P.1351 - §6 In just the same manner as all babies before that day and since have come into the world, the promised child was born; and on the eighth day, according to the Jewish practice, he was circumcised and formally named Joshua (Jesus).