On page 947 in Paper 85 "The Origins of Worship" it reads
"Baptism became a religious ceremonial in Babylon, and the Greeks practiced the annual ritual bath."
It has been argued that "Greeks" was a typographical error, and it should read "Creeks," an American Indian tribe, which had practiced ritual purification during the pre-Columbian period (1100 - 1400 AD) in Town Creek Indian Mound. The Pee Dee cultural group practiced fasting and scratching of the skin in addition to ritual purification.
An archaeological excavation at Town Creek Indian Mound began in 1927, and their results became known, lending further credence to the idea that the authors of the Urantia Book absorbed or even plagiarized much of the information from the pieces published during the period when the Revelation was written.
However, ritual pufication was not unique to an American Indian tribe, but has been practiced among many races, not only among Jews but also among European peoples, especially Greeks.
Among these Greeks, the Minoans who settled down in Crete were initially Andites who intermarried with the descendants of Vanites. Later, Adamsonites also migrated to Crete.
The following pictures support the text that "the Greeks practiced the annual ritual bath."
P.895 - §2 About 12,000 B.C. a brilliant tribe of Andites migrated to Crete. This was the only island settled so early by such a superior group, and it was almost two thousand years before the descendants of these mariners spread to the neighboring isles. This group were the narrow-headed, smaller-statured Andites who had intermarried with the Vanite division of the northern Nodites. They were all under six feet in height and had been literally driven off the mainland by their larger and inferior fellows. These emigrants to Crete were highly skilled in textiles, metals, pottery, plumbing, and the use of stone for building material. They engaged in writing and carried on as herders and agriculturists.
P.895 - §3 Almost two thousand years after the settlement of Crete a group of the tall descendants of Adamson made their way over the northern islands to Greece, coming almost directly from their highland home north of Mesopotamia. These progenitors of the Greeks were led westward by Sato, a direct descendant of Adamson and Ratta.
|A map of the Knossos Palace|
|A restored three-story South House.|
|The above building was a "lustral basin" or bath basin.|
|Paintings of a ritual procession with water or oil jars. Oil jars for anointing and cleansing were probably smaller than water jars. In the lower painting water jars are larger.|
|Details of the top painting above. Devotees with oil jars.|
|A ritual water jar.|
|A personal jar to pour water or olive oil into a larger jar or human bodies.|
|Larger jars to be carried by a few warriors to supply water. They have handles not only in the middle and bottom but also on top to facilitate moving from lower to higher places.|
|Crete was the Paradise for plumbers. Cretans invented plumbing. The sewer system with ducts leading waste bath water outward. Cretans used terracota drain pipes. The diameter of these terracotta drain pipes were 4 - 6 inches.|
6' Plumbing pipes from Bulgaria, similar to those used in Crete.
|Another ritual water jar.|
|A painting of a ritual procession with male devotees carrying water jars to pour water to the queen or the representaive of a goddess.|
|A reconstructed painting of Cretan women with surviving fragments.|
|Sarcophagus with two double ax posts, which reprent the tree of life. On the left female devotees are pouring water of life into another jar.|
|A ritual water jar.|
|Ritual water jars.|
|A Cretan calendar. It may have been used to determine the exact dates of annual ritual purification ceremonies.|
|These oil jars were apparently used to supply olive oil for ritual bathers.|
|Bath places for many ritual bathers.|
Cretans in the Knossos Palace had a plumbing system, carrying the sewage from the palace to outside. The Romans copied this technology from Cretans, and began to use indoor plumbing extensively. Indoor plumbing was not adopted in American until the 19th century. Without these modern facilities, people used outhouses, and people took bath infrequently, couple of times a year, even in America. Indoor plubming is one of the most important indicators, if not the most important, of civilized people. Western countries also borrowed the Roman system of government.
|Three positions of bullfighters, Knossos Palace.|